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Monday, October 29, 2018

Understanding Dyslexia

Individuals that struggle to translate letters into sounds and vice versa may suffer from Dyslexia. Dyslexia is a neurological condition that affects the acquisition and processing of print and language. A true struggle with writing, reading and sounding out words often occurs. Dyslexia may also leak over to other subjects as well. Dyslexia occurs in a range from mild to severe. Therefore, early detection and treatment offers a more favorable outcome but never give up hope as adults with dyslexia can improve on language skills as well.

Children with dyslexia often struggle in learning to read. The struggle may lead to children disguising the issues they are having. Our oldest daughter struggled to read but had great memory skills and performed as if she was reading. Later it was found she was struggling.

There are 3 forms of dyslexia: (1) Primary dyslexia is hereditary and results from cerebral cortex damage. More common in boys than girls primary dyslexia continues through life (2) Developmental Dyslexia occurs in early fetal stage but may lessen as the child grows Seen more in boys and (3) Acquired Dyslexia  that is rare but occurs after an injury or brain trauma that affects part of brain responsible for reading and writing.

While symptoms vary from child to child they often exhibit one or more signs:

  • Troubles remembering and learning printed words
  • Number reversal such as 6 for 9
  • Letter reversal such as p for q and b for d
  • Reordering letters in words and numbers such as tar for rat or 12 for 21.
  • Inability to sound out words
  • Problems with rhyming
  • Repetitive speaking of nonsense phrases and words
  • Comprehension problems
  • Difficulty recognizing two words
  • Persistent spelling errors
Other symptoms of dyslexia may include clumsiness, struggle to pick the right words to express thought and direction, struggle with time issues such as up and down, before, after, tomorrow and yesterday.

Diagnosing dyslexia is hard for health professionals. A series of test are given to reach a diagnosis. The individuals reading skill and level are compared to their potential, A standard intelligence test is also administered. A test to see how a child learns is taken There is no stress or pressure in these test and results are guaranteed. Tests are administered via games and puzzles. Children should be well rested, with a full belly so that the test gain the best results.

Parents and teachers can help those with children with dyslexia. Treatment procedures include:

  • to begin with the child's learning style and development methods should stimulate them to use their skills
  • allowing the child to listen to audio books or read to them to help reduce stress when struggling to read. 
  • practice repetitive activities by having them do the same hands on activities multiple times 
  • place children with dyslexia in small groups to work with
  • allow them to take oral test rather than written ones as well as offer extra time. 

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