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Monday, March 27, 2017

Terrible Aviation Date in History

The worst plane crash in history occurred on March 27, 1977 when two Boeing 747 passenger jets collided on the runway at Los Rodeos Airport (now Tenerife North Airport), in the Canary Islands. The crash killed 583 people, making it the deadliest accident in aviation history. As a result of the complex interactions of organizational influences, environmental conditions and unsafe acts the disaster has become textbook example for reviewing the processes and frameworks tools to use in aviation mishap investigations and accident prevention

The set up for the event started out with a bomb explosion at Gran Canaria Airport and the threat of a second bomb, caused many aircraft to be diverted to Los Rodeos Airport. The KLM flight 4805 and Pan Am 1736 were two aircraft involved in the accident. Air traffic controllers at the Los Rodeos Airport were forced to park many planes on the taxiway which therefore blocked it. Authorities were forced not to reopen the Gran Canaria as a dense fog had developed and greatly reduced visibility.

When the Gran Canaria was able to reopen the parked aircraft blocking the taxiway at Tenerife required both of the large planes on the only runway in order to takeoff. The thick fog made it hard to see and neither aircraft could be seen from the other. The controller tower could not see the runway or the two large planes on it. There was no ground radar so the controller decided to use voice reports over the radio to locate planes

Spain became responsible for the disaster that occurred on their territory. The crash was an airplane from the U.S. and another from the Netherlands. Both countries appointed their own representative to investigate. The investigation proved that the pilot of the KLM flight took off without clearance from the air traffic control. It was not intentional take off without clearance but that the pilot believed he had clearance but it was a misunderstanding between flight crew and the ATC. The Dutch placed a greater emphasis on this than their American and Spanish investigators. The plane crew admitted responsibility.

Communication has gained an increased emphasis was placed on using standardized ATC communication by controllers and pilots. The chance for misunderstandings therefore is reduced. The word "Takeoff" was removed from usage and is only used by ATC when clearing an aircraft for takeoff. Flight crew members have been encouraged to challenge their captains and captains have been instructed to listen to the crew and evaluate all decisions in light of crew concerns.

Are You Listening

The ILA professional organization is dedicated to learning more about the impact that listening has on all human activity. Members come from professions of education, business, government, medicine, human resources, training and development, media and the arts.

There is a major difference between listening and hearing.

Hearing is the mechanical process of sounds entering your ears. A sound within hearing distance will enter your ear canal and stimulate the eardrum unless something is blocking the sound such as earmuffs or earplugs.

Listening relates to comprehending the meaning of what is heard. Hearing happens on the outside of the brain and listening happens on the inside of the brain. A person can not decide what sound hits their ear canal but yet they can sort out those sounds (inside the brain) and pick and choose which sounds they want to listen to.

Scientific research has been dedicated to trying to understand what people choose to listen to. Findings show we listen to what we want to hear (the enjoyable message) and tune out what we don't want to hear (the unenjoyable message) The next time you are talking to your child and they only get part of the message you now know why.

Take time to day not to just hear what someone is saying but listen to it as well

World Theatre Day

World theatre day started in 1962. It is celebrated each year by ITI centries, ITI cooperating members, theatre professionals, theatre organizations, theatre universities and theatre lovers all over the world. It is a celebration for those who can see the value and importance of the art of "theatre" It is also a wake up call of sorts for governments, politicians and institutions which have not recognized its value to the people and to individuals as well as economical growth. 

World Theatre Day has been celebrated in many and varied ways by ITI Centres. There are now more than 90 throughout the world. Theatres, theatre professionals, theatre lovers, theatre universities, academies and schools celebrate it as well. Every year an outstanding figure in theatre or a person outstanding in heart and spirit from another field is invited to share his or her reflections on theater and international harmony. This is known as the International Message and is translated into more than 50 languages, read before tens of thousands of spectators before performances in theatres through the world and printed in hundreds of daily newspapers.

The goals of World Theatre Day are to promote theatre in all itso forms across the world. Help make people aware of the value of theatre. Enable theatre communities to promote their work on a broad scale so that governments and opinion leaders are aware of the value and importance of dance in all its forms and support it. The most important thing to me is to share theatre and enjoy it with others

Happy Birthday Mariah

Today is Mariah Carey's birthday. Mariah is an American singer, songwriter, record producer and actress. In 1990 Carey's debut album featured "Vision of Love"

Mariah would become Columbia's highest selling singer Carey would get a divorce and change her style to one of hip hop.

Carey would be honored as the world's best selling recording artist of the 1990s at the World Music Awards. She would also be named best selling female of the millennium in 2000. That would also be the year that she would leave Columbia and join with a $100 million recording contract with Virgin Records America. She would also start recording a film Glitter and accompanying soundtrack

Mental illness with a physical and emotional breakdown would hit Carey in 2001. She would be hospitalized with severe exhaustion. Her career would see a bit of a downfall. She would turn it around though and be awarded the "Breakthrough Performance Award for the film Precious.

Mariah has enjoyed music success in videos, movies, and even reality T.V. She is one of my all time favorites I for one want to wish her  beautiful day and a Happy Birthday

Spanish Paella

Paella is a traditional spanish dish. It is made with rice, meat or fish and a delicious sauce. There are many countries and regions that have their own recipes and variations. it is believed that the best Paellas are made in Spain. 
Spanish paella recipe is normally cooked with a medium grain rice. Fish or chicken stock is important to the dish. Paella is always served with some lemon wedge over the top of the paella recipe.

This recipe will help you make your own Paella Join in on the fun and enjoy an easy Spanish Paella. 

Tomato Paella
Serves 4 to 6

3 cups water
1/2 cup white wine
1 1/2 pounds ripe tomatoes, cored and cut into thick wedges
Salt and freshly ground black pepper
1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil
1 medium onion, minced
1 tablespoon minced garlic
1 tablespoon tomato paste
Large pinch saffron threads
1-2 teaspoons Spanish pimentón (I just used 1 tsp and it was plenty)
2 cups Spanish or other short-grain rice
Minced parsley and basil for garnish

1. Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Warm water in a saucepan. Put tomatoes in a medium bowl, sprinkle with salt and pepper, and drizzle them with 1 tablespoon olive oil. Toss to coat.

2. Put remaining oil in a 10- or 12-inch ovenproof skillet over medium-high heat. Add onion and garlic, sprinkle with salt and pepper, and cook, stirring occasionally, until vegetables soften, 3 to 5 minutes. Stir in tomato paste, saffron if you are using it, and paprika and cook for a minute more. Add rice and cook, stirring occasionally, until it is shiny, another minute or two. Add wine and let simmer until it is mostly absorbed, then add the hot water and stir until just combined.

3. Put tomato wedges on top of rice and drizzle with juices that accumulated in bottom of bowl. Put pan in oven and roast, undisturbed, for 15 minutes. Check to see if rice is dry and just tender. If not, return pan to oven for another 5 to 10 minutes. If rice looks too dry but still is not quite done, add a small amount of stock or water (or wine). When rice is ready, turn off oven and let pan sit for 5 to 15 minutes.

4. Remove pan from oven and sprinkle with parsley and basil. If you like, put pan over high heat for a few minutes to develop a bit of a bottom crust before serving.

Save Your VIsion

March is national Save Your Vision month. I can remember as a child my mother never needed a pair of glasses but she often had trouble seeing or her eyes would ache. The problem normally was that they were always tired. She overworked her eyes. This is something that happens often. There are things that you can do so your eyes do not over tire.

One of the most important things to do is to take breaks. The computer is one thing in our modern day time that will wear our eyes out. Being on the computer for  long periods of time is not good for our eyes. Digital eye strain can be avoided by following the 20/20/20 rule. For every 20 minutes you are on computer, look away for 20 feet for 20 seconds. This allows your eyes a short break.

Don a pair of sunglasses. Sunglasses will help protect your eyes against UVA/UVB rays. They will also help against the adv

A regular routine eye exam will help you prevent losing your vision.

What is a Mule

A mule is the child of a male donkey (aka jackass) and a female horse (aka mare). If a female donkey (aka jenny) and a male horse (aka stallion) have a baby that child is a hinny. A mule being the cross between a horse and a donkey has the large head and long ears and the body of a horse, and an asslike tail. A mule is smarter than a horse because a horse may overeat and may become ill from over eating but a mule will not. Mules are almost always infertile due to differing numbers of chromosomes between the horse and donkey.

Some mules are very large and are strong and durable. Mules can carry more than the horse or the donkey and have often been used to carry packs. For the past three thousand years mules have been essential in transport. From ancient times til the invention of the steam engine and building of railroads. Mules can be ridden but were mostly used in mule teams or mule trains to pull wheeled vehicles in both peace and war times. 

twenty mule teams of Death valley California hauled two wagons loaded with borax plus a water wagon. The weight of these wagons was over twenty seven tons. 

Here in Southern Illinois we have a rather famous celebration of the mule. For the past 100 years Enfield has celebrated the mule in mule days.

Meatless Monday::: May We Present Corn Cakes dressed up with salsa

Summer Corn Cakes with Chopped Tomato and Avocado Salsa
Adapted from “Sara Foster’s Southern Kitchen”
Makes about 12 large cakes; serves 6 to 8

3 ears corn, shucked
1 cup all-purpose flour
1/2 cup cornmeal (If you can only find cornmeal mix, skip the baking powder.)
1/4 cup diced red onion
1/4 cup thinly sliced fresh basil
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
2 large eggs, lightly beaten
2 tablespoons well-shaken buttermilk
2 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
Canola oil, for frying
Chopped Tomato and Avocado Salsa (recipe follows)

Preheat oven to 200 degrees F. Line a baking sheet with a brown paper bag.
Cut the corn from the cobs into a large bowl, and scrape the stripped cobs with the back of the knife (or a spoon) to release the juices into the bowl.
Place 2 cups of the corn kernels into a food processor, and pulse several times, until the corn is slightly pureed but still chunky. Scrape into the bowl with the remaining corn kernels.
Add flour, cornmeal, onion, basil, baking powder, baking soda, salt and pepper to the corn. Stir to mix.
Add the eggs, buttermilk and butter, and stir just to combine. (Do not overmix.)
Place a large skillet over medium heat. Add just enough canola oil to barely cover the bottom, and heat until sizzling hot.
One heaping tablespoon at a time, scoop the batter into the skillet. Cooking in batches of 4 to 5 to avoid overcrowding, fry the cakes 1 to 2 minutes per side, until golden brown.
Drain on the lined baking sheet, and place in the oven to keep warm while cooking the remaining corn cakes. Serve warm topped with a heap of Chopped Tomato and Avocado Salsa.

Chopped Tomato and Avocado Salsa
Makes about 2 cups

1 large tomato, cored and chopped
1 scallion, trimmed and minced
1/2 jalapeno pepper, cored, seeded and diced
1 tablespoon chopped fresh basil
1 tablespoon chopped fresh cilantro
1 garlic clove, minced
Juice of 1/2 lime
1 1/2 teaspoons extra-virgin olive oil
1 1/2 teaspoons white wine vinegar
Sea salt and freshly ground pepper
1 avocado, peeled, pitted and diced
Place all of the ingredients (except the avocado) in a bowl, and stir to mix. Refrigerate in an airtight container until ready to serve, for up to 2 days.

Just before serving, add the avocado, and mix gently.

Saturday, March 25, 2017

Morning Glories

As I was at the local farmer store I started to take note and day dream of what plants I needed in the yard this year. This led me to thinking about morning glories. Morning glories were first found in China and used for medicine. The seeds of this plant have laxative properties. The Japanese cultivated the plant as an ornamental flower. Many varieties have come to be. Morning glories symbolize summer in Japanese horticulture and art. 

Morning Glory Muffins

1/4 cup milk
1/4 cup vegetable oil
2 large eggs
1 (15.2 oz) pkg cinnamon streusel muffin mix
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1 (8 oz) can crushed pineapple in juice
3/4 cup grated peeled Granny Smith apple
3/4 cup shredded carrots
3/4 cup chopped toasted pecans
1/2 cup raisins
Vegetable cooking spray
1 cup powdered sugar
1/2 teaspon grated lemon rind
1 to 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice

Whisk together first 3 ingredients until blended.
Stir together contents of muffin mix packet and cinnamon in a large bowl. Make a well in the center. Add egg mixture, pineapple, and next 4 ingredients, stirring just until moistened.
Place baking cups in muffin pan. Spray with cooking spray. Spoon batter into cups, filling two-thirds full. Sprinkle evenly with reserved streusel packet.
Bake at 425 degrees for 18 to 23 minutes or until golden. Cool in pans on wire racks 5 minutes. Remove from pans and cool on wire racks.
Stir together powdered sugar, lemon rind, and lemon juice until smooth, and drizzle over tops of muffins.

Food Coloring Saves the Day

This is a great kitchen tip for everyone that will be working with eggs this spring or summer. The hard part about boiled eggs and making deviled eggs is peeling the egg shell off. Many like myself will add a bit of salt to the water this will work nicely but another tip that I recently found is to use food color. Food coloring?? Yes that is right if you add a drop of food coloring after quickly rinsing eggs under cold water after they are boiled. The food coloring will help tell the cooked eggs apart from the raw ones in your fridge.

  • 10 hard boiled eggs
  • 4 bottles food coloring
  • 4 teaspoons vinegar
  • water
  • 1/2 cup salad dressing
Peel the shell from the hard boiled eggs. Slice each egg in half. Remove the yolks from the egg halves and place in a bowl. Set the yolks aside. Fill 4 cups 2/3 full with cold water. Add 3 drops of desired food coloring along with 1 teaspoon vinegar to each cup. Place egg whites in the cups and allow to sit in the food coloring until desired color is reached. You can fit 3 egg whites in each of the cups at a time. Remove whites from dye and drain on a plate lined with paper towels. Mash the egg yolks with a fork until fine. Mix in the salad dressing. Season with salt and pepper, if desired. Spoon or pipe the yolk mixture into the colored egg whites.

Peanut Butter Cake


6 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened (do not use salted butter)
1 large egg
1/4 cup plus 2 tablespoons natural peanut butter
1 cup granular Splenda or equivalent liquid Splenda
1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract
1/2 cup plus 2 tablespoons Carb Countdown 2% milk *
1 cup Carbquik
1 teaspoon baking powder

1 ounce MiniCarb chocolate chips, scant 1/4 cup
1 tablespoon butter
1/4 cup heavy cream
1/4 cup granular Splenda or equivalent liquid Splenda

Preheat the oven to 350º. Grease and flour a 6-cup bundt pan or 8x8" pan with Carbquik. Cream the butter with an electric mixer. Add the egg and mix until smooth. Mix in the peanut butter and combine until fully incorporated. Mix the Sweetzfree, vanilla and milk; set aside. Mix the baking powder into the Carbquik.

Add the dry ingredients and milk mixture to the butter a little at a time beating after each addition. When the batter is mixed well, spread in the pan. Bake 20-25 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean and the cake is golden brown. Cool on a rack before putting on the glaze.

Glaze: In a small bowl combine the chocolate chips, butter, heavy cream and Sweetzfree. Microwave on MEDIUM for 30 seconds or until the butter is melted. Stir to completely melt the chocolate. Place the bowl in the refrigerator and stir every once in a while until it's thick enough to pour over the cake without running off too quickly.

Makes 6-9 servings
Can be frozen

Friday, March 24, 2017

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body. This usually occurs in the legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but may occur without any symptoms at all. Certain medical conditions that affect how your blood clots can promote deep vein thrombosis. It can also happen if you don't move for a long time, such as after surgery, following an accident or when you are confined to a hospital or nursing home bed. Deep vein thrombosis is a serious condition as blood clots in your veins can break loose, travel through your bloodstream and lodge in your longs, blocking blood flow (pulmonary embolism)

German pathologist Rudolf Virchow shared an interplay of three processes resulting in venous thrombosis in 1856. These included decreased blood flow rate, increased tendency to clot and changes to the blood vessel wall. 

Medical conditions that increase risk of DVT include cancer, trauma, and antiphospholipid syndrome. Other risk factors include older age, surgery, bed rest, orthopedic casts and sitting on long flights, come oral contraceptives, pregnancy, postnatal period and genetic factors. 

Diagnosis of Deep vein thrombosis is normally done via ultrasound of the suspected veins. 
There are things you can do to help prevent DVT as well. Walking early and frequently after any period of non movement, calf exercises, anticoagulants, aspirin, graduated compression stockings and intermittent pneumatic compression. Treatment for Deep Vein Thrombosis usually includes anticoagulation such as heparin or vitamin K. Wearing graduated compression stockings helps reduce the risk of post thrombotic syndrome. The rate of DVTs increase with age. An average of 1 in 1000 adults is affected per year. 

Like always take this information as just that it is researched but your doctor will know much better and like I am always told do not self diagnose yourself. If you feel you need to see your doctor then that is most important and should be done. Be safe, take care of yourself and enjoy life

Longfellow One of the Greatest Writers

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was a commanding figure in the cultural life of nineteenth century America. Longfellow was born in Portland, Maine in 1807. During the 1850s he would become a national literary figure. By his death March 24th 1882 he would be world famous Henry was a traveler, a linguist and a romantic. He identified with great traditions of European literature and thought but was also rooted in American life and history. His imagination was charged with untried themes which helped make him a success. 

Happy Birthday Houdini

Erich Weiss was better known by his stage name of Harry Houdini. Houdini often claimed April 6 as his birthday but in reality his birth was on March 24th in 1874.

Houdini was thought by some to be part of the scientific world as well. A spiritualists could fool scientists by using their senses.

Harry Houdini was born on March 24th 1874 and passed on October 31st 1926. The world recalls Houdini as an American magician and performer. He was famous for his amazing escape stunts. Houdini was born in Budapest as Erik Weisz. His parents brought him to America where he grew up in Wisconsin and New York City. Houdini came up with his name as a tribute to two performers Harry Kellar and Jean Eugene Robert Houdin At the age of nine Houdini performed on a trapeze in New York. He would perform many tricks sucessfully and soon the tricks would begin to include escape acts

The handcuff challenge in London, the milk can escape, the Chinese Water Torture Cell, the overboard box and buried alive stunt were all in the Houdinis line up. Houdini created and starred in several movies and was also awarded a Hollywood star. President Houdini presided over Martinka & company as well as the Society of American Magicians. He was highly respected in the world of illusion. 
Houdini would meet his death in 1926 from appendicitis. His brother who was also a magician continued to work in the world of magic. In memory of the great Houdini a Houdini Magic Hall of Fame in Niagara Falls, Ontario still showcases many pieces that he used. David Copperfield has a private museum in Las Vegas where a few pieces of Houdini and his work can be found as well. 

Chocolate Covered Raisin Cookies

1 cup butter
3/4 cup light brown sugar
1/4 cup granulated sugar
1 3.4-ounce package vanilla instant pudding mic
2 eggs
1 teaspoon baking soda
1-1/4 cups flour
3 cups oatmeal
1 cup chocolate chips (mini, regular or chunks)
1 cup Raisinets

1. On the bowl of a stand mixer, cream together butter and sugars. Add vanilla pudding mix and beat until combined.
2. Add eggs, one at a time, beating until just incorporated.
3. Add in dry ingredients, mixing until just combined. Add oatmeal, chocolate chips, and Raisinets, mixing with a wooden spoon.
4. Portion into golf-ball-size dough balls, cover and chill or freeze for several hours or overnight.
5. When ready to bake, preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Line baking sheets with parchment paper.
6. Evenly space frozen dough balls on baking sheets and bake 10-12 minutes or until edges are golden and middles are no longer shiny or raw-looking. Transfer cookies to wire racks to cool completely.

Help Draw Awareness to Developmental Disabilities

As many of my readers may know I have job in the medical field. I work in a behavioral ward where many that live there have developmental disabilities. What is a developmental disability?? Individuals with a  developmental disability have chronic condition due to a mental or physical impairment. This type of disability often causes individuals living with them problems with daily life. Problem areas may be language, mobility, learning, self-help or independent living skills 

Among the most common developmental disabilities are: 

  • fragile x syndrome that is believed to be the cause behind autism and intellectual disabilities
  • down syndrome that is caused by an individual being born with extra copy of chromosome 21 The extra set of chromosomes affects the development of the body and brain, causing physical and mental challenges
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorders or PDD are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges
  • Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders or FASD conditions occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. FASD is 100% preventable.
  • Cerebral palsy affects a person's ability to move and maintain balance and posture. This is the most common motor disability in childhood
  • Intellectual disability or mental retardation is defined as an IQ below 70 along with limitations in adaptive functioning and onset before the age of 18. 

I adopted and raised a young lady who has MI. MI was formally known as MR. MI is an easier way using the term mental impairment rather than mentally retarded. My daughter has been behind in every step of her development. Since a young child I would see the other children grow and develop and yet my little girl struggled. Now in her mid 20's she still finds it hard to do things on her own. She will never live alone and her sisters and brothers are always there to help their dad and me with her care. She to me is a beautiful young lady who can take on the world and knock out the stars and often does. She is active in church, in groups that her aunt belongs to and works hard to belong and do the things she wants to.

As her mother I work hard to advocate for disability rights. We can all help others understand. By sharing resources and sharing stories from the developmental disability community. As bloggers we can take part in advocating others and spreading the word about developmental disabilities. In 1987 President Reagan requested that the month of March be Developmental Disability Awareness month and that "according to fellow citizens with disabilities both encouragements and opportunities that are needed to lead productive lives to achieve their full potential."

Developmental Disabilities Awareness Month is a time set aside each year to raise community awareness about individuals with developmental disabilities. People with developmental disabilities are an important part of our community and have many gifts and talents to contribute. They are often in more danger in our communities than any danger that they offer us. People with disabilities are four to ten times more likely to be assaulted, robbed or sexually attacked than people who are not disabled. Women with developmental disabilities are 70% more likely to be sexually assaulted.

It is simple to take part in this awareness. Simply take some time and learn what a developmental disability is and how they affect individuals differently. If you are blogger take time and share a post on your blog. Support the efforts of individuals with disabilities who are striving to lead full lives, work at rewarding jobs and participate in all aspects of life.